Characteristics and Behavior:
Whitetail deer are medium to large-sized mammals known for their reddish-brown coat with a white underside and, as the name suggests, the white underside of their tail, which they raise when alarmed. They have a slender body, long legs, and antlers on males (bucks) that are shed and regrown each year. Whitetail deer are primarily herbivores, feeding on a variety of plants, including grasses, shrubs, and tree leaves.
- Whitetail deer are found throughout North and Central America, from southern Canada to South America. They have a wide distribution and are often associated with forested habitats, but this subspecies is primarily found in the state of Florida.
- They prefer a range of habitats, including deciduous and coniferous forests, grasslands, and wetlands. Their adaptability allows them to thrive in different environments.
- Whitetail are abundant in Florida and can be found in various habitats, including forests, prairies, and wetlands.
- The average lifespan of Whitetail Deer in the wild ranges from 4 to 6 years, although some individuals can live longer.
- Breeding, or the rut, typically occurs in the fall, resulting in the birth of fawns in the spring. Fawns are spotted and are cared for by their mothers.
- Whitetail Deer have several vocalizations, including grunts and bleats, used for communication, particularly during the breeding season.
- Regenerating Antlers: Male Whitetail deer grow antlers each year and shed them after the breeding season. The size and complexity of antlers depend on factors like age and nutrition.
- Excellent Swimmers: Whitetail are strong swimmers and can easily cross bodies of water, making them highly adaptable to different environments.
- Population Impact: As an important game species, Whitetail deer management has a significant impact on ecosystems and is a crucial part of conservation efforts in North America.
“Land Mammals - Deer.” Florida Fish And Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Fish And Wildlife Conservation Commission, myfwc.com/wildlifehabitats/profiles/mammals/land/deer/.