Eastern spadefoot toad

Scaphiopus holbrookii

Eastern spadefoot toad

Scaphiopus holbrookii
Least Concern
Scaphiopus holbrookii
Defining Characteristics and Behavior:

The Eastern spadefoot toad is a small, stocky amphibian with a wide, flattened head and characteristic "spade-like" projections on its hind feet, which it uses for burrowing. It typically ranges from 2.5 to 4 inches (6 to 10 cm) in length and is often gray or brown in color, with dark spots or blotches on its back. It is a nocturnal species that is primarily active at night, spending much of the day buried in the soil to avoid dehydration. During the breeding season, which typically occurs from April to August, males produce a distinctive "chirping" call to attract females to breeding sites.

Geographic Range and Habitat Preferences:
Average Lifecycle:
Fun Facts:
  1. The Eastern spadefoot toad has a unique adaptation that allows it to survive in dry environments - it can remain buried in the soil for up to 8 months without water.
  2. It is also known for its ability to rapidly metamorphose from a tadpole into a toad in response to changing environmental conditions.
  3. The Eastern spadefoot toad has been the subject of ongoing research into its potential as a model organism for studying the genetic basis of adaptation to different environments.

Other Information

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